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Salt Tectonics – from Concepts to Application

GeoLogica Limited
Course summary
24 hours
2,750 USD excl. VAT
Online courses
Professional Training

Course description

Salt Tectonics from Concepts to Application

This course covers all aspects of global salt tectonics. It discusses the origin and nature of evaporite basins and provides instruction on the essential elements of salt mechanics, diapirism, salt-related structural styles and salt-sediment interaction. Covered material ranges from fundamental concepts and practical application, to the influence of salt on petroleum systems. Lectures are complemented by exercises interpreting a variety of seismic data illustrating characteristic structural styles and evolutionary development of salt basins.

Suitability - Who should attend?

The course is intended for geoscientists who wish to strengthen their skills in evaluating salt basins around the world.

Outcome / Qualification etc.

  • Understand the implications of layered-evaporite sequences for velocity-model building and seismic interpretation.
  • Describe how halite differs from other lithologies and how that impacts deformation in salt basins.
  • Characterize the ways in which extension, contraction and differential loading trigger salt flow and diapir initiation/growth.
  • Evaluate how salt impacts deformation in different tectonic environments including rift basins, divergent margins and convergent-margin fold-and-thrust belts.
  • Interpret typical salt and stratal geometries associated with salt evacuation and diapirism.
  • Predict how drape folding around passive diapirs impacts stratal geometries, faulting, and reservoir distribution in diapir-flank traps.
  • Understand why and how allochthonous salt forms and how salt sheets/canopies evolve.
  • Assess the effects of salt on various aspects of the petroleum system, including trap formation, reservoir presence and quality, hydrocarbon maturation and migration, and weld seal.

Training Course Content

Salt basins

  • Layered evaporite sequences
  • Tectonic settings

Fundamentals of salt tectonics

  • Mechanics of halite and other evaporites
  • Drives and processes of gravitational failure of divergent margins
  • Definitions

Extensional salt tectonics

  • Thin-skinned extension and diapir initiation
  • Diapir reactivation
  • Thick-skinned extension

Contractional salt tectonics

  • Thin-skinned shortening
  • Diapir initiation and rejuvenation
  • Thick-skinned shortening

Strike-slip salt tectonics

Vertical salt tectonics

  • Salt movement triggered by differential loading
  • Turtle structures and expulsion-rollover structures
  • Passive diapirism
  • Near-diapir folding and faulting

Salt dissolution

Allochthonous salt tectonics

  • Salt sheet initiation and emplacement
  • Styles and evolution of sheets and canopies

Salt and petroleum systems

  • Trap formation and timing
  • Reservoir deposition and facies
  • Hydrocarbon maturation and migration
  • Salt and weld seal

Each day’s lectures will be supplemented by appropriate seismic-based exercises using 2-D and 3-D from worldwide salt basins.

Course delivery details

  • 9am-12pm CST
  • Eight 3-hour interactive online sessions presented over 8 days (mornings in North America and afternoons in Europe). A digital manual and exercise materials will be distributed to participants before the course. Some reading and several exercises are to be completed by participants off-line.

About provider

Providing world-class training for the energy industry, GeoLogica is an experienced team with an extensive network of tutors and instructors on their books. Their expertise spans both subsurface training for the oil and gas industry, as well as training aimed...


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GeoLogica Limited

Oxford Point, 19 Oxford Road
BH8 8GS Bournemouth Dorset

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